Why shortwave radio is one of the more confusing elements of the radio landscape.
Everyone knows about the AM and FM radio stations that they listen to with their car stereo or portable audio system.
However, it seems as though an in-depth understanding of shortwave radio only belongs to a handful of people worldwide.
A shortwave radio receiver is unlike any otherkind of radio equipment. These devices are specially crafted to receive radio information from countries and places all around the globe.
Unlike traditional radio waves, the waves from a shortwave receiver can travel vast distances.
People who know how to use shortwave radio networks aren’t necessarily the same as radio amateurs, or radio HAMs. HAM radio operators operate on limited, licensed frequencies called bands, while shortwave radio operates on all frequencies.
So, how do the radio authorities stop the shortwave radio broadcasts from being over-run with other broadcasters? If you want to operate an amateur radio, you need a license.
Is shortwave radio the same as ham radio?
So, is shortwave radio the same as ham radio?
Not exactly. Shortwave radio refers to the specific radio waves that radio hams use to transmit messages.
A shortwave radio kit can receive messages in high-frequency, very high, and ultra-high frequency wavelengths. You can also use a shortwave radio kit to submit radio messages to other people.
Ham radio is limited to a specific set of frequencies or bands. On the other hand, shortwave radio covers the entire high-frequency spectrum.
As a ham or amateur radio operator, you’ll be allotted a specific radio band, and you’ll be able to communicate with people through that band. However, to start communicating over any shortwave frequency, you need a license.
That’s how governments in various countries around the world ensure that the shortwave signals don’t get clogged.
If you live in the UK or the US, it’s extremely easy to access shortwave radio bands and listen to ham content. You can purchase your radio kit online, and there is a ton of information out there to help you get started with your new hobby.
The ease of access to amateur radio listening often leads people to believe that it’s fine to listen to shortwave, as long as they don’t broadcast.
Unfortunately, that isn’t the case.
Ham radio vs shortwave radio explained
A shortwave radio broadcasts stations that are in the shortwave range of the electromagnetic spectrum. These are broadcast stations. On the other hand, a ham radio is a two-way communication system where two or more people communicate with each other. So in a way, the scope of a ham radio is narrower than a broadcast. It is more of a communication.
Ham radio operates on a limited and licensed frequencies (bands) whereas shortwave radio operates on all frequencies, including all of the frequencies ham radios operate on.
There are certain frequencies within the shortwave range that the ham radio operators get the license to operate on. So while listening to a shortwave radio, you may come across a conversation taking place among ham radio operators. While you won’t be able to communicate, you can listen.
Shortwave radio license requirements
When you need a license
The UK and the United States have similar guidelines around the shortwave radio license, and when people might need one.
Ofcom, the regulatory group responsible for radio licensing in the UK, has plenty of documents available online to show you what you need a license for.
According to Ofcom, it’s legal to purchase a shortwave radio receiver or scanner without a license. You can use a shortwave radio to listen to channels over the airwaves as long as the device isn’t capable of transmitting messages to other people.
That doesn’t mean that you can listen to shortwave radio without a license, however. Ofcom dictates that if you want to listen to radio from a shortwave radio kit, you should be listening to transmissions meant for general consumption.
That means that you can only listen to:
Navigation and weather stations
Amateur and citizens’ radio transmissions
Licensed broadcasting stations
Ofcom also says that people should never use radio scanners to listen to illegal radio stations or pirate stations, or anything unlicensed. Technically, the same is true for any radio kit in the UK.
Because the shortwave radio frequency gives you more freedom to tune into different sounds from around the world, it’s much easier to happen on an unlicensed broadcast.
Since the law of the UK says that it’s illegal to listen to anything other than general reception transmissions, people without a shortwave radio license should typically avoid shortwave receivers.
If someone finds out that you’ve been using shortwave without a license, then you could face severe offences and fines.
Interestingly, you don’t need a license to listen to emergency transmissions sent in private by a person, you know. If you want to listen to messages from someone that you know, all you need is that person’s permission.
Unfortunately, you do need a license to listen to other private shortwave stations, even if you don’t plan on passing what you learn onto someone else.
Should you get a shortwave radio license?
Getting a license to listen to the radio might seem a little strange for some people.
However, becoming a radio amateur is a unique process that requires careful consideration. It’s not the same as just listening to basic FM and AM broadcasts. The shortwave radio wavelengths give you the power to tap into content all around the world.
In some cases, shortwave listening can even mean that you happen upon private conversations that people didn’t mean for you to hear.
By issuing shortwave radio license certificates to people across the globe, the local federations in the UK and US ensure that the only people who know how to use the SW landscape properly can broadcast on it.
If you’re thinking about using shortwave radio for any reason, getting a license will reduce your chances of getting into trouble if you happen across something you weren’t supposed to hear.
Additionally, it means that you’ll have more options with how to use your shortwave radio kit too.
When you have your own shortwave radio license, you can dive head-first into the incredible world of shortwave broadcasting and make new friends with people across the globe.
You can apply for your own call signal in the US and use your license in the UK to join amazing groups where you learn more about the history of shortwave.
On top of that, it’s worth noting that although shortwave radio licensees offer a lot of benefits to radio fans, they’re not particularly challenging to get.
In the past, people had to show that they understood things like Morse code and other complex ideas to get their license.
Now, the foundation license for shortwave is a simple multi-choice test. You should find that it’s easy to get your license in a matter of days, particularly if you have a little help from online communities.
A shortwave radio license improves the experience
No matter how you choose to proceed with shortwave radio listening, getting your license is usually the best bet. Remember, studying for your shortwave radio exam will ensure that you learn more about high-frequency transmissions and what they mean.
It’s a chance to hone your skills with the help of a growing community and be a part of radio history.
Taking your shortwave radio license exam will put you in a position where you need to talk to other shortwave community members to learn how everything works. You’ll also be able to check out study guides and insights from the shortwave regulators.
The things that you learn during your studies here could make it easier to find the channels you want to listen to when you start with shortwave radio.
Of course, the biggest benefit of getting your shortwave radio license is that it means you can use your radio kit as a communication tool too.
People all across the UK and the US maintain a shortwave radio license so that they have another way to broadcast and reach out for help in times of crisis.
SW broadcasting is one of the most reliable ways to reach other people when the internet and phone lines aren’t available.
Of course, you don’t have to be a survivalist to fall in love with shortwave radio. Many technology enthusiasts fall in love with the technology once they begin using it.
They go on to get their license so that they can take part in radio competitions and other great experiences.
Becoming a part of radio history
Shortwave radio is an exciting part of the radio landscape, but it’s also difficult for many people to understand. Getting your shortwave radio license isn’t just an essential way to protect yourself from legal issues.
When you examine the shortwave radio license requirements and earn your certification, you become a part of a unique community.
Check out our other articles here at Radio Fidelity to learn more about ham radio. Alternatively, why not look for your own ideal shortwave radio kit in our reviews section?